Peacekeeping

   Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian military remained ensconced in a number of conflict zones across post-Soviet space. While Russia no longer had the legal right to intervene in the security of its neighbors, Boris Yeltsin, under the umbrella of the Commonwealth of Independent States, developed a robust system of peacekeeping operations, allowing Russia to maintain security and protect its interests in Tajikistan, Transnistria, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and Nagorno-Karabakh. (A Russian contingent was also sent to Kosovo during the late 1990s, and Russia has participated in United Nations peacekeeping operations in other locations.) In most cases, the majority of troops (usually in excess of 1,000 in each conflict zone) are not Russian citizens but are under the command of Russian officers. Such personnel became integral to the so-called Monroeski Doctrine of the 1990s, which posited a “special role” for Russia in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and other parts of the near abroad.
   International observers leveled regular criticism against Russian peacekeepers for actively and passively supporting one side against another in regional conflicts, including providing logistical support, arms, and/or intelligence. Furthermore, the peacekeepers have often been found to be ignoring abductions, murders, and arms trafficking, which they are charged with fighting in conflict zones. In the summer of 2008, Russian peacekeepers in South Ossetia came under fire from Georgian forces attempting to reclaim the province. This event served as a pretext for the Russian invasion of Georgia and the wider South Ossetian War.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • peacekeeping — [pēs′kēp΄iŋ] adj. of or relating to the process of maintaining peace, specif., of the reduction or elimination of armed conflict by the use of neutral troops to enforce a truce or separate hostile groups [UN peacekeeping forces]: also written… …   English World dictionary

  • peacekeeping — 1961, from PEACE (Cf. peace) + keeper, agent noun from KEEP (Cf. keep) (v.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • peacekeeping — ► NOUN ▪ the active maintenance of a truce, especially by an international military force. DERIVATIVES peacekeeper noun …   English terms dictionary

  • Peacekeeping — United Nations soldiers, part of United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea, monitoring the Eritrea Ethiopia boundary. Warfare …   Wikipedia

  • peacekeeping — [[t]pi͟ːskiːpɪŋ[/t]] also peace keeping N UNCOUNT: usu N n A peacekeeping force is a group of soldiers that is sent to a country where there is war or fighting, in order to try to prevent more violence. Peacekeeping forces are usually made up of… …   English dictionary

  • peacekeeping — /pees kee ping/, n. 1. the maintenance of international peace and security by the deployment of military forces in a particular area: the United Nations efforts toward peacekeeping. 2. an instance of this. adj. 3. for or pertaining to… …   Universalium

  • peacekeeping — I noun the activity of keeping the peace by military forces (especially when international military forces enforce a truce between hostile groups or nations) • Syn: ↑peacekeeping mission, ↑peacekeeping operation • Topics: ↑military, ↑armed forces …   Useful english dictionary

  • Peacekeeping — Norwegischer Blauhelm Soldat während der Belagerung von Sarajevo Nepa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • peacekeeping — peace|keep|ing [ˈpi:sˌki:pıŋ] adj [only before noun] peacekeeping force/troops etc a group of soldiers who are sent to a place in order to stop two opposing groups from fighting each other ▪ The United Nations has decided to send a peacekeeping… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • peacekeeping — peace|keep|ing [ pis,kipıŋ ] noun uncount often before noun military efforts to prevent war, especially between groups who have been fighting: A UN peacekeeping force has been sent there. a peacekeeping mission/operation …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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